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Protection from hazards in the workplace is critical to employees and employers. Employees remain healthy and productive while the employer saves from hospital bills and compensation while retaining the competent workforce. A hazard inspection checklist is a tool the safety management team uses to provide health and safety evaluations in a workplace.

A hazard inspection checklist helps to identify potential health hazards that may cause harm to employees. It involves critical tools that might cause injury, including moving machines, radiations, smoke, scorching sun, high temperature, and coldness.

Components of hazard inspection checklist

1. Environment
The hazard inspection checklist should include internal and external environment destructions, including noise, gasses, rays, chemicals, heating and coldness, lighting, ventilation, and sprays. Employees are exposed to these hazards while on duty, and they must be considered when evaluating the risk assessment.

The checklist should contain the following questions; Are there harmful emissions? Do the employees have safety gear? Are the employees exposed to noise, heat, coldness, or radioactive rays?

2. Buildings
Buildings pose risks to the inhabitants, and before construction, possible hazards must be evaluated. Some of the dangers involved are; poor ventilation, lighting, slippery floors, roofs, escalators, and stairs.

Emergency exit doors, fire extinguisher points, and main electricity switch should be well labeled. The questions regarding the building are; is the building located near pitfalls or a steep slope? Are the stairs convenient? Is the floor slippery?

3. Electricity
Electricity faults are the most dangerous hazards in a workplace. The checklist should clearly show the possible electrical hazards and the measures to counter them in an accident. Electrical wiring should be done by experts and record note junctions where faults might occur.

The questions in the checklist are marked depending on the condition of the electrical wiring or the gadgets. Are the questions involved include; Does the company provide training on the handling of electrical equipment? Are the switches installed inconvenient places?

4. Hazardous products
In the manufacturing sector, the production of harmful products cannot be evaded. Hazardous products like corrosive chemicals and radioactive products must be included in the checklist, and employees made aware of the risk. Some of the questions involved are; Are there emissions of harmful gases and smoke? Do the employees have protective gear? What are the measures of alleviating the hazards?

5. Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs)
The employees need to be provided with PPEs for safety while executing their duties. The PPEs employees should have are; hard hats, sunglasses, gloves, gumboots, respirators, chest guards, and dust coats. The questions under PPEs are; Are there enough PPEs? Do the employees know how to use the PPEs?

Importance of hazard inspection checklist

- Prevent fatalities
Preventing fatalities in the workplace is the most obvious of the reasons for identifying hazards. It is impossible to mitigate risks you are unaware of until they occur. Upon identification, the hazards can now be eliminated, thus preventing accidents and deaths.

- High production
Providing a safe working environment for employees is undebatable regardless of the size of the company or business. Though sometimes companies evade it to cut costs, it is beneficial for both parties because employees will be more productive, thus high production. The company's image in the market improves, hence a more significant market segment.

- Efficiency
Efficiency in the workplace is important because mistakes are minimal, and the production rate is high. When employees are aware of the possible hazards, they work while keeping in mind not to interfere with anything that can bring fault. By so doing, the efficiency is increased.

- Improve employer-employee relationship
Though not directly related to hazard inspection, personal relationships improve when employees report to the employer about possible health hazards. Employees assume the responsibility of hazard inspection for their safety and the sake of the employer's assets.

Hazard inspection checklist templates

- Manufacturing hazard inspection checklist
- Hospital hazard inspection checklist
- Construction hazard inspection checklist
- Production hazard inspection checklist

Hazard inspection in the workplace is essential because the employees' well-being is catered for. Employees will deliver to the fullest when they understand the potential hazards that might happen, and they will evade them at all costs.

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